Blackjack Rules

Advanced Blackjack Rules and Strategy

Advanced Blackjack Rules and Strategy

We have learned the Basic Blackjack Rules and Strategy, now we will focus and learn how to win at blackjack.

Blackjack and Online Blackjack game is played on a semi-circular table. The game usually has six or seven spots for the players to sit. Only the most basic of blackjack rules, such as the payoff on blackjacks, dealer drawing rules, and insurance payoffs, are shown on the layout.

The small plaque, usually displayed next to the dealer’s right hand, shows the table betting limits, such as $5 minimum, $500 maximum.

Blackjack Rules: The Objective of Blackjack

The objective in the casino game of blackjack is to beat the dealer.

Although as many as six other players may play at your table with you, each player competes individually against the dealer. You can beat the dealer in two ways.

    • You can have a hand total greater than the dealer’s hand, without exceeding 21.
    • Or, the dealer can bust his hand by drawing cards to a total greater than 21.

The objective in Blackjack Rules is not, as is described in many casino brochures, to get as close to 21 as possible without going over (busting). In many hands, you won’t even try to get close to 21.

If either the player or the dealer has an ace and a 10-valued card as his first two cards, then this hand is called a blackjack or natural and is usually paid off at three to two for a player. If both the dealer and player have blackjacks, the hand is a standoff or push, and neither the dealer nor player wins.

If you tie the dealer with a total of 21 or less, you neither win nor lose your bet for that hand. This is called a “push.”

The term originated from the time when the blackjack rule was that a dealer would push a player’s wager out of the betting area whenever there was a tie. Now, the dealer usually “knocks” on the table in front of a push indicating that a payoff or loss was not overlooked and that instead there was a tie.

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Blackjack Rules: The Cards Values

    • Cards numbered 2 through 10 are valued at face value.
    • Picture cards count as 10.
    • An Ace equals either 11 or one, at the discretion of the player.

Card suits have no meaning in blackjack.

Cards Values Examples:

    • Q♥ and 5♣ = 15
    • J♣ and 4♦ = 14
    • A♣ and 7♦ = 18 or 8

Blackjack Rules: Hard Hands and Soft Hands

In the Blackjack Rules, hands with an Ace counted as 11 are called soft hands.

Soft Hands Examples:

    • Ace and 5 = 16
    • 3 and Ace and 4 = 18
    • Ace and 10 = 21
    • Ace and 2 and 2 and 5 = 20

A hard hand in Blackjack Rules, is any hand that does not have an Ace or in which the Ace is counted as one to avoid exceeding a total of 21.

Hard Hand Examples:

    • Ace with 6 and 9 = 16
    • Ace with 9 = 10
    • 6 and 9 = 15
    • 10 with 9 = 19

The People Around Blackjack

Each blackjack game is conducted by a dealer who has been trained to run the game, no matter if it is a casino or Live Online casino.In the casino, Blackjack tables are grouped together in an area designated a blackjack pit.Individual blackjack tables are supervised by floor personnel, called floor-men, who report to pit bosses, who are supervised by shift managers, who must answer to casino managers.A player may enter a game by sitting down at an unoccupied chair and converting cash to chips or, if playing on credit or against money deposited with the casino, signing a casino form, called a marker, in exchange for chips.One major advantage of live blackjack games is that you don’t have to wait for an open spot on a table as you sometimes do in a land-based casino. With live blackjack games, there is always an open spot 24/7.

Blackjack Rules: The Wagers

The size of your bet must conform to the table’s maximum and minimum limits.

This range varies and is posted at each table. Some casinos allow cash wagers played inside the betting area, but normally blackjack rules state that cash must be converted to chips before playing.

Before any cards are dealt, each player must decide on the amount of his wager and place it in the designated betting area in front of him, known as the betting box or spot.

If several different chips are bet, they must be neatly stacked. Different denominations of chips must be arranged with the larger-valued chips on the bottom of the stack and the lesser-valued chips on top.

For example

A wager of $70 might consist of two $25-valued “green” chips on the bottom, with four $5-valued “red” chips stacked neatly on top.

Chips placed beside the betting area normally indicate to the dealer that the player wishes them “colored up” or “colored down”, i.e., exchanged for chips of higher or lesser value.

At online casinos, the chips will be automatically stacked by order.

If you wish to make a bet for the dealer, a common dealer tipping practice, you may place the dealer wager between the betting area and the dealer to show that a separate bet is being made for the dealer instead of an outright tip. The dealer’s bet will suffer the same fate as the player’s hand: if the player’s hand wins, the dealer wins the toke or tip as well. If the hand loses, the dealer loses his tip.

It takes about a week to learn the basic Blackjack strategy and another two days to learn how to count cards.

Blackjack Rules: Different Blackjack Styles

Two different styles of blackjack are played in casinos. Single or double deck pitch games are dealt with directly from the dealer’s hand. Games with four to eight decks of cards are dealt from a shoe rather than being held by the dealer.

Online Blackjack Card Counting

The majority of online web sites shuffle the cards after each hand, making card counting impossible.

However, some online gambling sites offer multi-deck games with a cut card. The issue here is that most deals only about 50% of the cards then reshuffle.

You need to check the site’s instructions and blackjack rules of the site for information on when the cards are reshuffled. If the site reshuffles after 50% or more of the cards are dealt, then card counting is viable.

Blackjack Rules: The Blackjack Chips

In bricks and mortar US Casinos, the dealer will convert the player’s cash or marker into chips. The usual colors for chips are:

    •  $1.00 = white or metal token $25.00 = green
    •  $2.50 = pink $100.00 = black
    •  $5.00 = red $500.00 = purple

The blackjack rules that the particular casino uses are not posted anywhere on the table. If you are in Atlantic City, every casino uses the same basic rules as set by the Casino Control Commission.

In Nevada, the blackjack rules vary from casino to casino and may even be different in the same casino.

The Mississippi casinos use yet a different variation of playing blackjack rules, as do most international casinos. The only way to be certain of the exact rules is to ask about the blackjack rules.